An introduction to the causes and management of post traumatic stress disorder

Participants — professionals or students — will learn how to recognize the 17 symptoms associated with PTSD and assess their frequency and intensity. By the end of training, professionals will be able to offer additional support to victims of traumatic experiences, with the capacity to assess: PTSD in a clinical context and in a triage situation following a wide-scale traumatic event such as a terrorist attackPeritraumatic stress, Peritraumatic dissociation. Alain Brunet has been investigating the impact of trauma exposure for more than fifteen years, with a special focus on characterizing risk factors and developing effective treatments for PTSD, such as early intervention or reconsolidation blockade.

An introduction to the causes and management of post traumatic stress disorder

Why it occurs and how it occurs is the theme of this study. Many disorders mimic a variety of symptoms and unless the diagnosis is made by an expert, or at least by someone thoroughly trained in disorders, confusion may at times result.

An introduction to the causes and management of post traumatic stress disorder

Both reveal parallel characteristics that importantly must be identified or classified. This paper, however, attempts to describe the case of PTSD and its nuances.

It seeks to explain its prevalence, characteristic features, and common steps to its diagnosis; what leads to its development, as well as treatment or interventions that the field of psychology and medicine has put into place.

The researcher establishes a solid knowledge base by utilizing related studies already made in addition to theoretical evidences. Historical background During the American civil war, a syndrome very much like PTSD was observed from the soldiers who survived it.

Moreover, this was featured in an paper written by Jacob DaCosta, On Irritable Heart, which was based on a description of the soldiers.

An introduction to the causes and management of post traumatic stress disorder

Following World War 1, again the appearance of the variety of symptoms that correspond the disorder came to be known and this time, newly coined as shell shock. This was based on the hypothesis that the symptoms of brain trauma came as a result of shell explosions.

Subsequently by World War II survivors of Nazi concentration camps and Japan atomic bombings all feature the same traumatic characteristics Kaplan et al. The correlation of the occurrence of the syndrome and the severity of the stressors including the most severe of the stresses that were experienced showed the occurrence of the syndrome in more than 75 percent of its sufferers.

This is especially true to those who experienced the Nazi concentration camps trauma Kaplan et al. Prevalence Literature shows that in men, trauma is prevalent with those who have had combat experience; while with women, assault and rape are often its sources.

In the general population, PTSD may be present in 0.

Introduction to PTSD Symptoms & Treatment

While children may also have the disorder PTSD may occur regardless of age, young adults have the highest incidence precisely due to the precipitating occurrence Kaplan et al. However, the cognitive viewpoint looks at it differently by suggesting that the human brain is having difficulty processing so huge an amount of information which the traumatic incident has brought about.

It posits that the brain alternates between periods of recognizing and jamming or denying the episode Kaplan et al. Battered women and domestic violence and PTSD Abusive relationships and its impact definitely cannot be underestimated.

The syndrome has the following symptoms: However, there were reactions to this classification especially coming from support groups for women. But the advantage to this may come in the form of enhanced identification and diagnosis by crisis workers in understanding the whole complicated impact of repeated abuse and how they will deal with the victim.

This is even more significant when the threat is continuously felt even when the abuser is no longer eminently near to the abused; e. Significant to this finding is the persistent thought of danger and not until the batterer will be dead that the victim finally experiences the freedom and release.

Otherwise, the victim may resort to suicide or assault and kill her perpetrator. It is advised that counselors remember that these beliefs may persist in the mind of the abused which necessitates appropriate assessment and response to their predicament Collins and Collins,p.

This implies that diagnostic characteristics in persons with PTSD are also present in individuals who survived childhood sexual abuse Collins and Collins,p. It is worth mentioning here that crucial to an individual developing the illness is the predisaster mental health state which is considered the best predictor of postdisaster development Meichenbaum, ; NCPTSD, d; Young, et al.

Gang-related violence and PTSD Studies show that children from the third through the eighth grade range exposed to violence occurring among and between warring gangs in school locations have increased possibility of developing PTSD, especially when these gang members use guns.

This is consistent with any gang-related violence or aggression occurring as well in pre-pubescent and pubescent individuals. Symptoms like hypervigilance, emotional detachment, problem with concentration and memory which are again, common with PTSD patients Fehon, et al.

Rape and PTSD If there is one crime girls and women fear the most it is the incident of rape occurring to them that ranks first. Grinage indicates that about 25 to 30 percent of trauma victims usually demonstrate symptoms of PTSD. Specifically men who witnessed someone being gruesomely injured or killed during military combat and women who were sexually assaulted or raped are at an increased risk of PTSD.

Overall experience with childhood abuse also seems to put an individual at greater risk of PTSD.

Introduction

Mental health patients and relatives of homicide victims also have an increased exposure to PTSD. It is suggested that alcohol and drug abuses are 1. Soldiers who were involved in the war in Afghanistan, victims who survived the World Trade Center bombings, or close relatives of persons who were killed in the September 11 attacks, for example, would be at a greater risk than individuals who simply read about these events.

Wilson estimates that the disorder is prevalent among ten percent of the female and five percent of the male civilian population but this rate is significantly higher for military personnel.

It is believed that 15 percent of war veterans experience PTSD. The international rate of PTSD range from one to 30 percent and is particularly high in regions that have experienced political unrest especially if such involved combat Wilson, p.Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), once called shell shock or battle fatigue syndrome, is a serious condition that can develop after a person has experienced or witnessed a traumatic or.

More Essay Examples on Psychology Rubric. I - Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay introduction. Introduction Post traumatic stress disorder may take place as a result of a person’s reaction to life-threatening or other upsetting circumstances. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that's triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it.

Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event. Introduction To Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Mark Dombeck, Ph.D. This topic center concerns mental and emotional problems people experience in the wake of 'trauma', where trauma is understood to refer to an event involving being a victim of or witness to atrocity, violence, true horror and/or the death of another or near death of ones self.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)) conducted by the Research Triangle Institute-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center as its primary evidence base (Jonas, Cusack, Forneris, Wilkins, Sonis, Middleton, et al., ).

Introduction To Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Mark Dombeck, Ph.D. This topic center concerns mental and emotional problems people experience in the wake of 'trauma', where trauma is understood to refer to an event involving being a victim of or witness to atrocity, violence, true horror and/or the death of another or near death of ones self.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)