AroundChinese nationals were enrolled at foreign educational institutions ina rise of 11 percent over the previous year. In light of a marked slowdown in the Chinese economy, U.
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February Learn how and when to remove this template message Before the defeat of the Kuomintang ineducation was effectively closed to workers, peasantsand generally females in practical terms[ citation needed ] despite Sun Yat-Sen 's support of general education in principle.
However, the Marxist ideology of the post government, in reacting to the overly literary and classical tradition of China, overstressed in turn "practical applications" and the superior wisdom of the worker and peasant, whose hand-skill was assumed to be the "base" to the "superstructure" of science and learning in general.
The possibility however of re-education and service to the "masses" was held out to bourgeois families as long as they committed to communism as well. This meant that even before the Cultural Revolutionthere was a continuum, in China, between the prison, the re-education camp, and the school.
Officially, the opportunity was extended to all classes to join China's project on its Leninist terms.
In an attempt to make education more practical and accessible, Chinese characters were simplified for quick learning and by training people in skills they could use, including the basic medical training provided " barefoot doctors ", actually paramedics that provided medical caremidwifery and instruction on the evils of footbinding and female infanticide in such rural areas where those practices still existed.
The Chinese Communist government to some degree provided "the goods" to the bottom of society and for this reason received broad support before the Cultural Revolution from many people who formerly had been at the bottom.
Other practical results of education reform prior to the Cultural Revolution of included practical instruction in the evils of opium addiction cf. The educational system and government of China eradicated opium, in part by education and also by harsh penalties including death for repeat offenders which are still in use.
But during the Cultural Revolution —higher education in particular suffered tremendous losses; the system was almost shut down, and a rising generation of college and graduate students, academics and technicians, professionals and teachers was lost.
The result was a lack of trained talent to meet the needs of society, an irrationally structured higher education system unequal to the needs of the economic and technological boom, and an uneven development in secondary technical and vocational education.
In the post-Mao periodChina's education policy continued to evolve.
The pragmatist leadership, under Deng Xiaopingrecognized that to meet the goals of modernization it was necessary to develop science, technology, and intellectual resources and to raise the population's education level.
Demands on education - for new technology, information science, and advanced management expertise - were levied as a result of the reform of the economic structure and the emergence of new economic forms.
In particular, China needed an educated labor force to feed and provision its one billion plus population.
Byachievement was once again accepted as the basis for admission and promotion in education. This fundamental change reflected the critical role of scientific and technical knowledge and professional skills in the Four Modernizations.
Also, political activism was no longer regarded as an important measure of individual performance, and even the development of commonly approved political attitudes and political background was secondary to achievement.
Education policy promoted expanded enrollments, with the long-term objective of achieving universal primary and secondary education. This policy contrasted with the previous one, which touted increased enrollments for egalitarian reasons.
In the commitment to modernization was reinforced by plans for nine-year compulsory education and for providing good quality higher education.
Deng Xiaoping's far-ranging educational reform policy, which involved all levels of the education system, aimed to narrow the gap between China and other developing countries. Modernizing education was critical to modernizing China.Sep 05, · In China, which pioneered the use of merit-based examinations to fill official positions, an educational system that was once a .
Education in China is a state-run system of public education run by the Ministry of Education. All citizens must attend school for at least nine years, known as the nine-year compulsory education, which is funded by the government.
Education - Global trends in education: One of the most significant phenomena of the 20th century was the dramatic expansion and extension of public (i.e., government-sponsored) education systems around the world—the number of schools grew, as did the number of children attending them.
Golden age of the Chinese education market It is rapidly expanding in terms of both industry scale and market activity. Government policies, capital flow, frequent cross-border business, and technological innovation are driving China's education industry toward six major transformative trends.
It appears that China and the U.S. are moving in opposite directions. It must be acknowledged that the American and Chinese education systems have been at opposite ends of the continuum in many respects, so these opposing trends might be considered a movement by each toward the center.
Trends in the Chinese Education Industry Charlotte Lu, Deloitte China Education Industry Leader, was invited to address the International Education program and shared with the audience the latest insights of Deloitte on Chinese education industry; Deloitte Chinese .