Essay 2 Juveniles and the Death Penalty Today, minors are using their age as a shield against capital punishment. Adolescents believe that since they are not eighteen they will not be punished for the crimes they commit. The death penalty is appropriate for juveniles in certain circumstances, such as murder and brutal crimes that are considered capital offenses.
History Anarchist Auguste Vaillant guillotined in France in Execution of criminals has been used by nearly all societies since the beginning of civilizations on Earth.
The use of formal execution extends to the beginning of recorded history. Most historical records and various primitive tribal practices indicate that the death penalty was a part of their justice system. Communal punishment for wrongdoing generally included compensation by the wrongdoer, corporal punishmentshunningbanishment and execution.
Usually, compensation and shunning were enough as a form of justice. A blood feud or vendetta occurs when arbitration between families or tribes fails or an arbitration system is non-existent.
This form of justice was common before the emergence of an arbitration system based on state or organized religion.
It may result from crime, land disputes or a code of honour. In most countries that practise capital punishment, it is now reserved for murderterrorismwar crimesespionagetreasonor as part of military justice.
In some countries sexual crimes, such as rapefornicationadulteryincest and sodomycarry the death penalty, as do religious crimes such as Hudud and Qisas crimes, such as apostasy formal renunciation of the state religionblasphemymoharebehhirabahFasadMofsed-e-filarz and witchcraft.
In many countries that use the death penaltydrug trafficking is also a capital offence. In Chinahuman trafficking and serious cases of corruption and financial crimes are punished by the death penalty.
In militaries around the world courts-martial have imposed death sentences for offences such as cowardicedesertioninsubordinationand mutiny. Elaborations of tribal arbitration of feuds included peace settlements often done in a religious context and compensation system. Compensation was based on the principle of substitution which might include material for example, cattle, slave compensation, exchange of brides or grooms, or payment of the blood debt.
Settlement rules could allow for animal blood to replace human blood, or transfers of property or blood money or in some case an offer of a person for execution.
The person offered for execution did not have to be an original perpetrator of the crime because the social system was based on tribes and clans, not individuals.
Blood feuds could be regulated at meetings, such as the Norsemen things. One of the more modern refinements of the blood feud is the duel. In certain parts of the world, nations in the form of ancient republics, monarchies or tribal oligarchies emerged.
These nations were often united by common linguistic, religious or family ties. Moreover, expansion of these nations often occurred by conquest of neighbouring tribes or nations.
Consequently, various classes of royalty, nobility, various commoners and slaves emerged.Secondly, why does the death penalty for juveniles remain? How often is the death penalty given to juveniles and what if any are the profiles of juveniles on death row?
Lastly, is discrimination present when studying the juvenile death penalty in relation to age, race, mental ability, and previous circumstances?. Essays Related to Death 3/5(20). Dec 20, · Hannah Ocuish, age December 20th, Caitlin GD Hopkins (Thanks to Caitlin at Vast Public Indifference for the guest post -ed.).
On December 20, , the Sheriff of New London, Conn., led a distraught year-old girl to the gallows, placed a rope around her neck, and hanged her in front of a crowd of spectators.
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The Death Penalty and Juveniles In the United States, the death penalty is an issue because of its controversies. Some people see it as a punishment. Some people say “an eye for an eye,” and believe this is the way to stop youth offenders from following the path of crimes such as murders.