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It borrowed parts of the initiation ceremony from that group, with the same purpose: The manual of rituals was printed by Laps D. The members had conjured up a veritable Frankenstein. For example, Confederate veteran John W.
Morton founded a chapter in Nashville, Tennessee. In andthe federal government passed the Enforcement Actswhich were intended to prosecute and suppress Klan crimes. It seriously weakened the black political establishment through its use of assassinations and threats of violence; it drove some people out of politics.
On the other hand, it caused a sharp backlash, with passage of federal laws that historian Eric Foner says were a success in terms of "restoring order, reinvigorating the morale of Southern Republicans, and enabling blacks to exercise their rights as citizens". Rable argues that the Klan was a political failure and therefore was discarded by the Democratic leaders of the South.
More fundamentally, it declined because it failed to achieve its central objective — the overthrow of Republican state governments in the South. They were described as acting as the military arm of the Democratic Party and are attributed with helping white Democrats regain control of state legislatures throughout the South.
Second KKK See also: While Simmons relied on documents from the original Klan and memories of some surviving elders, the revived Klan was based significantly on the wildly popular film, The Birth of a Nation.
The earlier Klan had not worn the white costumes or burned crosses; these were aspects introduced in the film.
When the film was shown in Atlanta in December of that year, Simmons and his new klansmen paraded to the theater in robes and pointed hoods — many on robed horses — just like in the movie. These mass parades would become another hallmark of the new Klan that had not existed in the original Reconstruction-era organization.
The national headquarters made its profit through a monopoly of costume sales, while the organizers were paid through initiation fees. It grew rapidly nationwide at a time of prosperity. Reflecting the social tensions pitting urban versus rural America, it spread to every state and was prominent in many cities.
The second KKK preached "One Hundred Percent Americanism" and demanded the purification of politics, calling for strict morality and better enforcement of Prohibition. Its official rhetoric focused on the threat of the Catholic Churchusing anti-Catholicism and nativism. During the resurgence of the second Klan during the s, its publicity was handled by the Southern Publicity Association —within the first six months of the Associations national recruitment campaign, Klan membership had increased by 85, Internal divisions, criminal behavior by leaders, and external opposition brought about a collapse in membership, which had dropped to about 30, by It finally faded away in the s.
During this period, they often forged alliances with Southern police departments, as in Birmingham, Alabama ; or with governor's offices, as with George Wallace of Alabama.
As ofresearchers estimate that there are just over 30 active Klan groups exist in the United States,  with about chapters. Tuscaloosa, AlabamaIndependent Monitor, September 1, Hubbs, Searching for Freedom after the Civil War: Klansman, Carpetbagger, Scalawag, and Freedman Ku Klux Klan A History of Racism and Violence compiled by the staff of the klanwatch project of the southern poverty law center.
Ku Klux Klan society was America’s first terrorist organization. As we prepare for the 21st century, we need to prepare for the continued presence of the Klan.
Nathan Bedford Forrest summary: Nathan Bedford Forrest was born in Bedford County, Tennessee, the eldest of twelve children. Forrest became a millionaire as a businessman, who owned several cotton plantations. He was also a slave owner and trader.
Forrest volunteered as a private in the Confederate. The Ku Klux Klan (/ The second and third incarnations of the Ku Klux Klan made frequent references to America's "Anglo-Saxon" blood, hearkening back to 19th-century nativism.
"In effect, the Klan was a military force serving the interests of Political position: Far-right. Ku Klux Klan paraders, Muncie, Indiana, Most of us who grow up in the United States learn a reassuring narrative of ever-expanding tolerance. The Enforcement Act of (17 Stat.
13), also known as the Civil Rights Act of , Force Act of , Ku Klux Klan Act, Third Enforcement Act, or Third Ku Klux Klan Act, is an Act of the United States Congress which empowered the President to suspend the writ of habeas corpus to combat the Ku Klux Klan.
Ku Klux Klan’s lasting legacy on the U.S. political system David Cunningham's research shows that Ku Klux Klan activities in the s have had an enduring effect on contemporary politics.