At an early age, Malcolm X lost his father who, was assassinated by the Black Legion organization.
Posted on October 5, by Jake Wisser Ok, so heres the rough draft of my paper. There are two major factions within the civil rights movement, one advocating civil disobedience, and one advocating revolution.
Martin Luther King, a Christian minister from Atlanta, urged for peaceful demonstrations and marches, while Malcolm X, a Muslim minister and a former leader of the Nation of Islam, preached in favor of self-reliance and violence if necessary to obtain civil rights.
They have the power to put a president in the White House, they have the power to take back their communities, and they have the power to gain the freedom that have been denied for hundreds of years.
Malcolm X says that there are two ways that they can earn their freedom: In order to convince his audience of their power and that they have been made fools of by a white-run government, Malcolm X relies heavily on the three rhetorical proofs. He uses logos in the form of deductive reasoning and exemplification to show that black people have been victimized by outsmarted by the government, and to put forth a solution; he uses ethos both invented and situated to establish his character and status as a freedom fighter as well as to unite black Americans; and he uses pathos through repetition and word choice to elicit powerful emotions from his audience and urge them to take action.
Although Malcolm X speaks about a very emotionally charged topic, I found his appeal to logos astounding. Throughout his speech, he uses deductive reasoning to argue that black Americans have been taken advantage of by a government run largely by whites.
One of his first arguments in his speech is that black people have further subjugated themselves by allowing the white man to come into their neighborhoods and set up stores and shops. His major premise is that when people take their money that they earned in their community and spend it in another community, their community becomes poorer.
His minor premise is that black people either spend their money in white communities, or they spend it in shops owned by white people who take their money and spend it in other communities.
Malcolm X then draws the conclusion his audience does as well that in order to restore the black communities from the slums and ghettos that they have become, they must take back their communities and set up their own shops so that the money made in the community is spent in the community and stays in the community.
Malcolm X also uses logical appeal to convince people to accept Black Nationalism.
The Ballot or the Bullet On April 3, , Malcolm X gave his famous speech called The Ballot or the Bullet in Cleveland, Ohio. The rhetorical speech is about his opinion on the way the 'white man' treats African Americans in the United States, and how it is time to fight back. Created Date: 10/2/ PM. Jun 18, · The speech “The Ballot or the Bullet” by Malcolm X was intended to persuade the audience that they needed to make a choice between violence and nonviolence, but inaction was unacceptable. Malcolm displays all appeals of ethos, pathos, and logos within the speech to create an atmosphere of urgency.
He argues that changing your philosophy to black nationalism allows you to take action, and he uses a very logical thought process to make this claim: Once you change your thought pattern, you change your attitude.
Once you change your attitude, it changes your behavior pattern and then you go on into some action. X argues against these passive demonstrations with another enthymeme. His major premise here is that if anyone can do something, then that strategy is emasculating and ineffective.
An old man can sit. A chump can sit. A coward can sit. The audience realizes that if anything can sit, it is not an effective strategy for fighting.
They must take on a strategy that an old man or woman would be too weak to do, a chump would be too stupid to do, and a coward would be too frightened to do.
This is how black Americans can assert their dominance and keep their dignity, while still fighting for civil rights. In order to convince black Americans of their power as a whole, Malcolm X again uses logical argument.
He begins with the observation that in many of the previous elections, the vote count has been so close that a recount was necessary. He also notes that the white vote has been evenly split between the two candidates.
His implicit major premise is that the candidate with the most votes wins the election, so he draws the conclusion that whichever side the black vote decides to go with wins the election, so long as they vote together. He urges his audience and black people around the nation to stick together so that they can exercise this power through this argument.
In order to solidify the arguments that he puts forth, as well as to offer solutions, Malcolm X makes ample use of exemplification. After he puts forth the argument about setting up black-owned stores in black communities, he talks about large companies that started out from nothing.
He talks about Woolworth and GM and how they started as small companies but slowly rose to the top and eventually went nationwide. When he speaks of revolution, he gives examples of bloody revolutions Russian, Chinese, French, Cuban, and American in order to show how revolution cannot be accomplished with passive resistance.
He speaks of Patrick Henry and George Washington, revolutionaries who fought bloody wars for freedom. In order to convince black Americans of the power they have with their vote, he declares that the black vote put Kennedy into office, as well as the current Democratic Congress.
Malcolm X uses these concrete examples reinforce the arguments that he makes with deductive reasoning. In addition to his deductive reasoning, Malcolm X also makes strong ethical appeals. A large part of his ethos is situated.In the speech “The Ballot or the Bullet,” by X, uses pathos as an appeal and explores black nationalism as a rhetorical strategy to bring recognition to racial inequality, voting rights, and.
The Ballot or the Bullet On April 3, , Malcolm X gave his famous speech called The Ballot or the Bullet in Cleveland, Ohio. The rhetorical speech is about his opinion on the way the 'white man' treats African Americans in the United States, and how it is time to fight back.
In his impassioned speech, “The Ballot or the Bullet,” X directly addresses the listener, advocating for the “reciprocation” of violence in the name of equality and self-respect. Decrying the American government, he makes clear his emphatic stance against the brutality of the white establishment.
Rhetorical Analysis of Ballot or the Bullet Sppech by Malcolm X Words 6 Pages As one of the most proficient civil rights activist of the 's, Malcolm X and his speeches were very influential but particularly one speech was highly esteemed, that being the Ballot or the Bullet speech.
Malcolm X wrote a speech called “The Ballot or the Bullet.” In the speech, Malcolm X uses rhetorical devices, and emphasizes his tone and mood throughout his speech to emphasize his major points and to catch the listeners’ attention.
Malcolm X’s speech was extremely powerful. A . professed peace and brotherhood between people of all races. At the time when Malcolm X delivered his "Ballot or the Bullet" speech, he was an orthodox Muslim preaching the equality of all races, but that blacks must help themselves.