The growing concerns over the safety of gm foods

Episcopal Diocese of Minnesota Environmental Stewardship Resolution The following is offered for your information and comment. On this and similar pages the Environmental Stewardship Commission of the Episcopal Diocese of Minnesota intends to offer thoughts and ideas on how any congregation or individual can implement portions of the Resolution. From " A Resolution on The Spirituality of Food Production " passed at the th Annual Convention October"THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that that the Episcopal Diocese of Minnesota will continually provide its parishioners, clergy, and congregations with information and educational opportunities concerning the issues of food sources, biodiversity, genetic engineering, ownership and distribution of our food sources, and related issues concerning the health and well-being of ourselves and future generations" Concerns Regarding Genetically Modified Food by the Rev Helen Hanten This article is a part of the series by the Minnesota Episcopal Environmental Stewardship Commission written in support of our resolution on the spirituality of food, especially its production, which was passed at the Diocesan Convention and has been submitted to General Convention.

The growing concerns over the safety of gm foods

Learn A growing body of research suggests that genetically modified organisms more commonly referred to as GMOs may be doing more harm than good when it comes to human health and the health of the environment.

Read on to learn more about this and other issues that raise red flags about GMOs. GMOs are organisms that have been created through the application of transgenic, gene-splicing techniques that are part of biotechnology.

The growing concerns over the safety of gm foods

These methods for moving genes are also referred to as genetic engineering GE. This relatively new science allows DNA genetic material from one species to be transferred into another species, creating transgenic organisms with combinations of genes from plants, animals, bacteria, and even viral gene pools.

Mixing genes from different species that have never shared genes in the past makes GMOs and GE crops unique. It is impossible to create such organisms through traditional crossbreeding methods.

The United States went ahead with approvals although no human trials had ever been conducted to assess the safety and allergenicity of these novel proteins.

Since GE crops were first approved in the United States, food allergies have risen dramatically, in step with GE crop market penetration. For instance, according to a data brief published October by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the prevalence of reported food allergies in the United States increased 18 percent among children under age 18 years from to For instance, some major problems with GE crops are already emerging.

The spread of resistant weeds has driven herbicide use up sharply, increasing human health and environmental impacts and raising farmer costs. Also, many GE crops are more prone to plant diseases, and some suffer micro-nutrient deficiencies because of subtle changes in soil microbial communities.

Introduction

Contamination is a real threat, particularly in crops that easily cross-pollinate, such as corn and canola. Meanwhile, more and more studies are confirming that there are genuine concerns about their use. The following looks at some of the concerns that are being raised.

The most striking finding: However, herbicide-tolerant crops increased herbicide use by a total of Herbicide-tolerant soybeans increased herbicide use by million pounds, accounting for 92 percent of the total increase in herbicide use across the three herbicide-tolerant crops.

Although overall pesticide use decreased in the first three years of commercial introduction of GE crops, pesticide use increased by 20 percent in and 27 percent in There are two major factors for this: In a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences PNASTank and other researchers had shown transgenic materials from corn pollen, leaves and cobs do, in fact, enter streams in the agricultural Midwest and can be subsequently transported to downstream water bodies.

Their later study, published in the Oct. Reporting the findings at the 95th annual meeting of the Ecological Society of Americascientists reported that they had found that more than 80 percent of canola plants sampled from more than 1, miles of roadsides around North Dakota were inadvertently genetically engineered to tolerate herbicides, either glyphosate or glufonisate.

In addition, two of the plants analyzed contained two transgenes, indicating that they had cross-pollinated. InMonsanto reported to the Genetic Engineering Approval Committee in India that pink bollworms, a common insect pest that feeds on cotton, have developed resistance to its GE cotton variety Bollgard I in Gujarat, India.

The company noted it had detected the resistance during field monitoring in the cotton season. It reported to date that at least nine species of weeds in the United States have evolved resistance to glyphosate since GE crops were introduced. If this happens, and no new soybean post-emergence herbicides are commercialized, soybean production may not be practical in many Midwest U.

For example, researchers at the University of Georgia in Tifton found multiple resistances in Palmer amaranth to glyphosate and the herbicide pyrithiobac.safety assessment of genetically modified (GM) foods. This booklet was a great success in addressing consumer concerns and explaining the ANZFA safety assessment process.

Genetically modified food controversies are disputes over the use of foods and other goods derived from genetically modified crops instead of conventional crops, and other uses of genetic engineering in food production.

Genetically modified food controversies are disputes over the use of foods and other goods derived from genetically modified crops instead of conventional crops, and other uses of . Genetically modified foods or GM foods, also known as genetically engineered foods, bioengineered foods, genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, are foods produced from organisms that have had changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of .

Jun 22,  · The difficulty of debating the subject of genetically modified (GM) foods is they are so new that we don’t really know how they affect the human body–they just haven’t existed long enough to draw conclusive facts. There is broad global agreement among food scientists, toxicology experts and regulatory food safety officials on how to evaluate the safety of GM foods; and this strong regulatory framework has successfully ensured the safety of GM seeds.

WHO | Frequently asked questions on genetically modified foods